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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 1994 January;37(1) :78-88.
Risk Factors and Outcome of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Beyong Il Kim (Kim BI)1, Yun Sil Chang (Chang YS)1, Dong Woo Son (Son DW)1, Hae Kyung Han (Han HK)1, Jung-Hwan Choi (Choi JH)1, Chong Ku Yun (Yun CK)1, In One Kim (Kim IO)1, Kyung Mo Yeon (Yeon KM)1, Je G. Chi (Chi JG)2
1Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Copyright © 1994 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
The 45 neonates with bronchopulmonary dysplasia among 355 neonates who were managed with mechanical ventilation and oxygen therapy in NICU of Seoul National University Chhildren's Hospital from January 1, 1968 to December 31, 1991, were analyzed for risk factors and outcome. The results were as follows: 1) The incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia was 12.7% 2) Respiratory Distress Syndrome was most common underlying problem. 3) The common radiologic findings of BPD were peripheral streaky density, emphysematous change, reticular or granular perihilar density, pulmonary interstitial emphysema, bubbly or small cystic change, and pneumothorax. 4) The survival rate of BPD showed 80% in the follow-up study. 5) Retinopathy of prematurity and intraventricular hemorrhage were more frequent significantly in the BPD group (p<0.05). 6) The risk factors of BPD were lower birth weight, shorter gestational age, longer duration of oxygen therapy an mechanical ventilation, and the presence of PDA.
Keywords: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia | Risk factors | Outcome
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