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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2004 October;47(10) :1041-1046.
Iron Deficiency Anemia and Iron Nutrition in Adolescent Female Athletes
Yang Kyong Kim (Kim YK)1, Bo Young Kang (Kang BY)1, Young Jin Hong (Hong YJ)1, Byong Kwan Son (Son BK)1, Kwang Hoi Kim (Kim KH)2, Soon Ki Kim (Kim SK)1
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, College of Education, Inha University Incheon, Korea
2Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Inha University Incheon, Korea
Corresponding Author: Soon Ki Kim ,Email: pedkim@inha.ar.kr
Copyright © 2004 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Purpose : Iron deficiency, particularly iron deficiency anemia(IDA) often not only decreases athletic performance but also impairs immune function and leads to other physiologic dysfunctions. This study was designed to assess and compare iron status and the IDA prevalence in female adolescent athletes with those of general adolescent students. Methods : Physical measurements and hematologic examinations were performed for adolescent female runners(n=32), non-runner athletes(n=78) and apparently healthy students(n=511). Iron deficiency was defined as a serum ferritin concentration <12 ng/mL. The diagnosis of IDA was established when hemoglobin level <12 g/dL was associated with ferritin <12 ng/mL and/or transferrin saturation <16%. Results : The prevalence of ID in the runners' group(40.6%) was significantly higher than that of the non-runner athletes' group(23.1%) and the control group(25.4%). The prevalence of IDA in the runners' group was 31.3%, which was significantly higher than that of the non-runners' group and the control group(7.7% and 16.4%, respectively). Conclusion : The prevalence of IDA of Korean adolescent females was relatively high, especially, in female adolescent runners. Screening for anemia and iron status is warranted. It is important to measure for iron nutrition and to enforce effective nutritional education in these groups.
Keywords: Anemia | Iron deficiency | Adolescents | Female athletes | Serum ferritin | Tansferrin saturation
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Relationship between iron deficiency anemia and febrile convulsion in infants  2010 March;53(3)
The Prevalence of Obesity, Serum Lipid Levels and Age at Menarche in Adolescent Female Athletes  2005 January;48(1)
Anemia and Serum Iron Status in Adolescent Female  2002 March;45(3)
Iron Deficiency Anemia in Infants  1995 September;38(9)
Study on Iron Deficient State in the Female Adolescent Athletes  1994 July;37(7)
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