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REVIEW ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2008 January;51(1) :1-25.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2008.51.1.1
2007 Korean National Growth Charts: review of developmental process and an outlook
Jin Soo Moon (Moon JS)1, Soon Young Lee (Lee SY)2, Chung Mo Nam (Nam CM)2, Joong-Myung Choi (Choi JM)1, Bong-Keun Choe (Choe BK)3, Jeong-Wan Seo (Seo JW)2, Kyungwon Oh (Oh KW)4, Myoung-Jin Jang (Jang MJ)5, Seung-Sik Hwang (Hwang SS)5, Myung Hwan Yoo (Yoo MH)5, Young Taek Kim (Kim YT)4, Chong Guk Lee (Lee CG)1
1The Committee for the Development of Growth Standard for Korean Children and Adolescents, The Committee for School Health and Public Health Statistics, The Korean Pediatric Society
2The Committee for the Development of Growth Standard for Korean Children and Adolescents
3The Committee for School Health and Public Health Statistics, The Korean Pediatric Society
4he Committee for School Health and Public Health Statistics, The Korean Pediatric Society Division of Chronic Disease Surveillance, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
5The Committee for School Health and Public Health Statistics, The Korean Pediatric Society
Corresponding Author: Chong Guk Lee ,Email: chonglee@ilsanpaik.ac.kr
Copyright © 2008 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Purpose : Since 1967, The Korean Pediatric Society and Korean Government have developed Korean Growth Standards every 10 years. Last version was published in 1998. During past 40 years, Korean Growth Standards were mainly descriptive charts without any systematic nor statistical standardization. With the global epidemic of obesity, many authorities such as World Health Organization (WHO) and United States' Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have been changed their principles of growth charts to cope with the situations like ours. This article summarizes and reviews the whole developmental process of new 2007 Korean Growth Charts with discussion. Methods : With the initiative of Division of Chronic Disease Surveillance in Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, we have performed new national survey for the development of new Standards in 2005 and identified marked increase of childhood obesity and plateau of secular increment of final height in late adolescents. We have developed new Growth Standards via adapting several innovative methods, including standardization of all available raw data, which were acquired in 1997 and 2005 national survey and full application of LMS method. Results : We could get new standardized charts; weight-for-age, length/height-for-age, weight-for- height, head circumference-for-age and BMI-for-age. Other non-standardized charts based on 2005 survey data were also published; waist circumference-for-age, mid-arm circumference-for-age, chest circumference-for-age and skinfold-for-age. Clinical guideline was also developed. Conclusion : Developmental process and results of new Korean Growth Charts are comparable with other internationally well-known Growth Standards, WHO 2006 Growth Standards and CDC Growth Charts. 2007 Korean Growth Charts are relevant especially in Korea and Korean ethnic groups.
Keywords: Korea | Growth | Standard | Weight | Height | Obesity
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