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REVIEW ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2008 March;51(3) :225-232.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2008.51.3.225
Overview of the national health screening program for infant and children
Baik-Lin Eun (Eun BL)1, Seong Woo Kim (Kim SW)2, Young Key Kim (Kim YK)3, Jung Wook Kim (Kim JW)4, Jin Soo Moon (Moon JS)5, Su Kyung Park (Park SK)6, In Kyung Sung (Sung IK)7, Son Moon Shin (Shin SM)8, Sun Mi Yoo (Yoo SM)9, So Hee Eun (Eun SH)1, Hea Kyoung Lee (Lee HK)10, Hyun Taek Lim (Lim HT)11, Hee Jung Chung (Chung HJ)12
1Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine
2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, National Health Insurance Corporation, Ilsan Hospital
3Department of Psychiatry, National Health Insurance Corporation, Ilsan Hospital
4Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Seoul National University School of Dentistry
5Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University
6Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University
7Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University College of Medicine
8Department of Pediatrics, Kwandong University College of Medicine
9Department of Family Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital
10Department of Ophthalmology, Ulsan University College of Medicine
11Department of Ophthalmology, Ulsan University College of Medicine
12Department of Pediatrics, National Health Insurance Corporation, Ilsan Hospita
Corresponding Author: Hee Jung Chung ,Email: agathac@nhimc.or.kr
Copyright © 2008 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
The mission of National Health Screening Program for Infant and Children is to promote and improve the health, education, and well-being of infants, children, families, and communities. Although the term 'diagnosis' usually relates to pathology, a similar diagnostic approach applies to the child seen primarily for health supervision. In the case of health, diagnosis determines the selection of appropriate health promoting and preventive interventions, whether medical, dental, nutritional, educational, or psychosocial. Components of the diagnostic process in health supervision include the health 'interview'; assessment of physiological, emotional, cognitive, and social development (including critical developmental milestones); physical examination; screening procedures; and evaluation of strengths and issues. Open and informed communication between the health professional and the family remains the most significant component of both health diagnosis and health promotion. Families complete medical history forms at their health supervision visit. Family-friendly questionnaires, checklists, and surveys that are appropriate for the child''s age are additional tools to improve and update data gathering. This type of information helps initiate and inform discussions between the family and the health professional. This article provides a comprehensive review of current National Health Screening Program for Infant and Children in Korea.
Keywords: National health programs | Developmental surveillance | Infant | Child | Korea
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