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REVIEW ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2008 June;51(6) :564-568.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2008.51.6.564
Epidemiology of the metabolic syndrome among Korean children and adolescents
Mi Jung Park (Park MJ)
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Inje University, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Mi Jung Park ,Email: PMJ@paik.ac.kr
Copyright © 2008 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
The prevalence of obesity in Korean children is estimated to be around 10%, and has increased significantly over the past 20 years. Metabolic syndrome, which includes central obesity, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, is a well documented risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, but there is no general consensus concerning its definition for children. In this study, ablut 30-40% of overweight or obese children had metabolic syndrome compared to less than 10% in the general population. Dyslipidemia was the most common component and hyperglycemia was the least common component of metabolic syndrome. If the prevalence of childhood obesity continues to increase, it is highly likely that the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome will also increase. These findings emphasize the importance of preventing obesity in addition to the diagnosis and management of metabolic syndrome in Korean adolescents.
Keywords: Metabolic syndrome | Obesity | Children | Adolescents | Korean
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