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REVIEW ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2017 July;60(7) :203-207.
Published online 2017 July 15.       
Chorioamnionitis: Is a major player in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia?
Chang Won Choi
Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Chang Won Choi ,Tel: +82-31-787-7286, Fax: +82-31-787-4054, Email: choicw1029@gmail.com
Copyright © 2017 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Chorioamnionitis is an inflammation in the fetal membranes or placenta. When chorioamnionitis develops, fetal lungs are exposed to inflammatory cytokines and mediators via amniotic fluid. Because inflammation plays a pivotal role in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a chronic lung disease of prematurity, fetal lung inflammation induced by chorioamnionitis has been considered to be one of the major pathogenetic factors for BPD. Although there have been a number of studies that demonstrated the relationship between chorioamnionitis and BPD, there are still controversies on this issue. The controversies on the relationship between chorioamnionitis and BPD arise from not-unified definitions of chorioamnionitis and BPD, different study populations, and the proportion of contribution between inflammation and infectious microorganisms. The publication bias also contributes to the controversies. Clinical trials targeting chorioamnionitis or microorganisms that cause chorioamnionitis will answer on the actual relationship between chorioamnionitis and BPD and provide a novel prophylactic strategy against BPD based on that relationship.
Keywords: Chorioamnionitis | Bronchopulmonary dysplasia | Ureaplasma
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