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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2018 April;61(4) :129-131.
Published online 2018 April 15.       
Hypercalciuria and febrile convulsion in children under 5 years old
Vahid Seddighi Gorabi1, Bahram Nikkhoo2, Obeidollah Faraji3, Mona Mohammadkhani4, Sattar Mirzaee1, Mohammad Aziz Rasouli5, Abdorrahim Afkhamzadeh3
1Pediatrics Department Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2Pathology Department Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5Community Medicine Department Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Corresponding Author: Abdorrahim Afkhamzadeh ,Tel: +98-871-6131387, Fax: +98-871-6664674, Email: afkhama@gmail.com
Copyright © 2018 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The association between hypercalciuria and febrile convulsion is controversial. The present study aimed to investigate the statistical association between hypercalciuria and childhood febrile convulsions.
Methods: Overall, 160 children aged 6 months to 5 years, including 80 children with febrile convulsion and 80 febrile children without convulsion (comparison group), were recruited. All laboratory tests, including 24-hour urine calcium, were undertaken in an academic clinical laboratory.
Results: Forty-five children of the febrile convulsion group (60%) and 30 of the comparison group (40%) had hypercalciuria. There was a significant difference between the 2 groups (P=0.02).
Conclusion: Our results indicated that there is a statistical association between convulsion and hypercalciuria in children. Since we found this association with a cross-sectional assessment, further studies, especially prospective and controlled designs, are needed.
Keywords: Hypercalciuria | Febrile convulsion | Child
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