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REVIEW ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2018 May;61(5) :135-149.
Published online 2018 May 15.       
The 2017 Korean National Growth Charts for children and adolescents: development, improvement, and prospects
Jae Hyun Kim1,2, Sungha Yun3, Seung-sik Hwang2,4, Jung Ok Shim2,5, Hyun Wook Chae2,6, Yeoun Joo Lee7, Ji Hyuk Lee8, Soon Chul Kim9, Dohee Lim3, Sei Won Yang10, 11, Kyungwon Oh3, 11, Jin Soo Moon2, 10, 11, for the Committee for the Development of Growth Standards for Korean Children and Adolescents, the Committee for School Health and Public Health Statistics, the Korean Pediatric Society, and Division of Health and Nutrition Survey, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1,2Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
2,4The Committee for the School Health and Public Health Statistics, The Korean Pediatric Society, Korea
Department of Public Health Science, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
2,5Department of Pediatrics, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea
2,6Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University Gangnam Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea
3Division of Health and Nutrition Survey, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cheongju, Korea
3, 11The Committee for the Development of Growth Standards for Korean Children and Adolescents, Korea
7Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University Childrens Hospital, Yangsan, Korea
8Department of Pediatrics, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea
9Department of Pediatrics, Chonbuk National University Childrens Hospital, Jeonju, Korea
10, 11Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Childrens Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Jin Soo Moon ,Tel: +82-2-2072-3627, Fax: +82-2-743-3455, Email: mjschj@snu.ac.kr
Copyright © 2018 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Growth charts are curves or tables that facilitate the visualization of anthropometric parameters, and are widely used as an important indicator when evaluating the growth status of children and adolescents. The latest version of the Korean National Growth Charts released in 2007 has raised concerns regarding the inclusion of data from both breastfed and formula-fed infants, higher body mass index (BMI) values in boys, and smaller 3rd percentile values in height-for-age charts. Thus, new growth charts have been developed to improve the previous version. The 2006 World Health Organization Child Growth Standards, regarded as the standard for breastfed infants and children, were introduced for children aged 0–35 months. For children and adolescents aged 3–18 years, these new growth charts include height-for-age, weight-for-age, BMI-for-age, weight-for-height, and head circumference-for-age charts, and were developed using data obtained in 1997 and 2005. Data sets and exclusion criteria were applied differently for the development of the different growth charts. BMI-for-age charts were adjusted to decrease the 95th percentile values of BMI. Criteria for obesity were simplified and defined as a BMI of 95th percentile for age and sex. The 3rd percentile values for height-for-age charts were also increased. Additional percentile lines (1st and 99th) and growth charts with standard deviation lines were introduced. 2017 Korean National Growth Charts are recommended for the evaluation of body size and growth of Korean children and adolescents for use in clinics and the public health sector in Korea.
Keywords: Growth | Growth charts | Child | Adolescent | Korea
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2007 Korean National Growth Charts: review of developmental process and an outlook  2008 January;51(1)
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