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Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1995;38(11):1547-1557.
Published online November 15, 1995.
Prevelance and Associated Factors of Childhood Obesity on the Elementary Students in Kwangju City
Myoung Sook Chung, Yung Il Rho, Eun Gyeoung Jung, Kyung Rye Moon, Sang Gee Park, Young Bong Park, So Yeon Ryu, Jong Park
Department of Pediatrics, Chosun University , College of Medicine, Kwangju, Korea
광주지역 국민학교 아동의 벼만정도 및 그 관련요안에 관한조사
정명숙, 노영일, 정은경, 박상기, 박영봉, 박영봉, 류소연, 박종
조선대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Abstract
Purpose
: The prevalence of childhood obesity and its attendant morbidity have increased and the success of therapy for childhood obesity has been limited. It is important for us to recognize risk factors for the development of obesity in children. The purpose of our study is to provide useful information for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity.
Methods
: A survey was performed by a special questionare sheet at 9 elementary schools in Kwang-ju from May to June 1994.
Results
: 1) Obesity was categorized into mild, moderate, and severe. The percentage of mild obesity was 7.1%, moderate obesity 5.2%, severe obesity 0.9%, respectively in the surveyed children. 2) There was statistically significance correlation between childhood obesity and birth weight and parental body mass index of the obese children were higher than those of the non-obese children. In obese children, there was preference a for vegetables, fish and meat. There was no significant difference in sleeping time, television viewing, reading time, physical activity and economic level between obese and non-obese children. 5) In correlation coefficients between obesity index and risk factors, there was a negative correlation in age, birth order, a preference for vegetables, and bedtime meal and a positive correlation in birth weight, parents BMI, and preference for fish and meat. 6) Multiple regression analysis on obesity and risk factors has shown correlated with parents BMI, birth weight, birth order and bedtime meal in males; and correlated with age, parents BMI and a preference for vegetable in females.
Conclusion
: The results of our study suggests that obesity is developed through a multiple of factors. In paticular familial factors such as eating habits, life style, and genetic predisposition are of primary importance. Therefore the following measures are required for the prevention and treatment of obesity in children. the first is to manage the eating habits of children. The second is family based treatment and the third is nutritional councelling.
Key Words: Childhood obesity, Associated factors, Elementary students


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