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Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2000;43(10):1356-1363.
Published online October 15, 2000.
The Role of Nitric Oxide in Seizures Induced by Pentylenetetrazole
Jun Ho Kim, Doo Kwun Kim
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Kyong-ju, Korea
Pentylenetetrazole에 의하여 유발된 경련에서 Nitric oxide의 역할
김준호, 김두권
동국대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Abstract
Purpose
: Nitric oxide(NO) is a highly reactive messenger molecule that is synthesized by nitric oxide synthase(NOS) in a number of tissues including the brain. Our aim was to examine the possible role of NO on pentylenetetrazole(PTZ)-induced seizure in rats as a proconvulsant or an anticonvulsant.
Methods
: Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200-300g were used. PTZ(40mg/kg) was used to induce seizure. In order to examine the role of NO in seizures, the neuronal nitric oxide synthase(nNOS) was blocked by a specific inhibitor, 50mg/kg 7-nitroindazole(7-NI), and a non- specific inhibitor, 50mg/kg L-nitroarginine(L-NA). Both 7-NI and L-NA were administered 30 min before the administration of PTZ. We evaluated the onset time of the first myoclonic jerk and the nature of seizures, such as the types and severity of the seizures in each group. Western blot and RT-PCR were used to examine the expression of nNOS mRNA and proteins in the hippocampus of each group.
Results
: The onset time of the first myoclonic jerk was markedly delayed in the 7-NI and L-NA pretreated groups in comparison to the PTZ group. In addition, 7-NI and L-NA markedly suppressed the severity of PTZ-induced seizure. The expression of nNOS mRNA was higher in the PTZ and 7-NI pretreated groups than in the control group. The expression of nNOS protein was more suppressed in the 7-NI and L-NA pretreated groups than in the PTZ group.
Conclusion
: The expression of nNOS protein appears to increase in PTZ-induced seizures. Both specific and non-specific NOS inhibitors produce a reduction in seizure activity and nNOS protein expression. These results suggest that nNOS may be in a close relationship with seizures, and NO may play an important role as a proconvulsant in the PTZ-induced seizure in rats.
Key Words: Nitric oxide, Neuronal nitric oxide synthase, NOS inhibitor, Pentylenetetrazole, Seizure, Rat


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