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Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2002;45(11):1340-1345.
Published online November 15, 2002.
Prevalence and Associated Factors of Snoring in School-Aged Children
Sung Jong Cho1, Eun Young Kim1, Young Il Rho1, Eun Suk Yang1, Young Bong Park1, Kyung-Rye Moon1, Chul-Gab Lee2
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
2Department of Occupational Medicine, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
학동기 아동에서 코골이의 유병률과 관련인자
조성종1, 김은영1, 노영일1, 양은석1, 박영봉1, 문경래1, 이철갑2
1조선대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2조선대학교 의과대학 산업의학과교실
Correspondence:  Kyung-Rye Moon,
Email: krmoon@mail.chosun.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: We studied the prevalence of snoring and its association with diseases, obesity and environmental factors, as well as sleep disturbance arising from snoring, in school-aged children.
Methods
: The survey was performed by a special questionnaire on 1,707 children at elementary schools from 1 to 30 July 2001 in Gwangju City. The prevalence of snoring, associated factors, and sleep disturbance were evaluated.
Results
: 266(16.5%) of the children snored at least once a week. 73(4.3%) of the children snored almost every day. Regarding the associated factors of snoring : There was a statistically significant difference between snoring and nonsnoring groups due to gender, obesity, sinusitis, tonsillar hypertrophy, bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis. Of them, male gender, tonsillar hypertrophy, and obesity were significant risk factors for development of snoring. Especially, the odds ratio increased to 1.048(CI, 1.004-1.659), 1.748(CI, 1.175-2.599), and 2.266(CI, 1.300-3.950) in children with an obesity index of 20-29%, 30-49%, ≥50%, respectively. There was a statistically significant association of snoring with decreased sleep duration, sleep talking, and drowsiness during the day as a result of sleep disturbance.
Conclusion
: 16.5% of school-aged children snored at least once a week. The association of snoring with tonsillar hypertrophy, obesity and gender as risk factors was demonstrated in this study.
Key Words: Snoring, Obesity, Tonsillar hypertrophy


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