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Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2008;51(3):225-232.
Overview of the national health screening program for infant and children
Baik-Lin Eun1, Seong Woo Kim2, Young Key Kim3, Jung Wook Kim4, Jin Soo Moon5, Su Kyung Park6, In Kyung Sung7, Son Moon Shin8, Sun Mi Yoo9, So Hee Eun1, Hea Kyoung Lee10, Hyun Taek Lim11, Hee Jung Chung12
1Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine
2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, National Health Insurance Corporation, Ilsan Hospital
3Department of Psychiatry, National Health Insurance Corporation, Ilsan Hospital
4Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Seoul National University School of Dentistry
5Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University
6Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University
7Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University College of Medicine
8Department of Pediatrics, Kwandong University College of Medicine
9Department of Family Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital
10Department of Ophthalmology, Ulsan University College of Medicine
11Department of Ophthalmology, Ulsan University College of Medicine
12Department of Pediatrics, National Health Insurance Corporation, Ilsan Hospita
영유아 건강검진 사업의 이해
은백린1, 김성우2, 김영기3, 김정욱4, 문진수5, 박수경6, 성인경7, 신손문8, 유선미9, 은소희1, 이혜경10, 임현택11, 정희정12
1고려대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2국민건강 보험공단 일산병원 재활의학과
3국민건강 보험공단 일산병원 정신과
4서울대학교 치과대학
5인제대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
6한림대학교 의과대학 이비인후과학교실
7가톨릭대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
8관동대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
9인제대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실
10서울보훈병원 소아청소년과
11울산대학교 의과대학 안과학교실
12국민건강 보험공단 일산병원 소아청소년과
Correspondence:  Hee Jung Chung,
Email: agathac@nhimc.or.kr
Abstract
The mission of National Health Screening Program for Infant and Children is to promote and improve the health, education, and well-being of infants, children, families, and communities. Although the term 'diagnosis' usually relates to pathology, a similar diagnostic approach applies to the child seen primarily for health supervision. In the case of health, diagnosis determines the selection of appropriate health promoting and preventive interventions, whether medical, dental, nutritional, educational, or psychosocial. Components of the diagnostic process in health supervision include the health 'interview'; assessment of physiological, emotional, cognitive, and social development (including critical developmental milestones); physical examination; screening procedures; and evaluation of strengths and issues. Open and informed communication between the health professional and the family remains the most significant component of both health diagnosis and health promotion. Families complete medical history forms at their health supervision visit. Family-friendly questionnaires, checklists, and surveys that are appropriate for the child''s age are additional tools to improve and update data gathering. This type of information helps initiate and inform discussions between the family and the health professional. This article provides a comprehensive review of current National Health Screening Program for Infant and Children in Korea.
Key Words: National health programs, Developmental surveillance, Infant, Child, Korea


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