Korean J Pediatr Search


Treatment and prognosis of neonatal seizures
So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
신생아 발작의 치료와 예후
은소희, 은백린
고려대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence:  Baik-Lin Eun,
Email: bleun@korea.ac.kr, bleun@chollian.net
Seizures in the neonatal period are common and frequently indicate serious underlying brain injury. Neonatal seizures continue to present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to pediatricians because recognition and classification of neonatal seizures remain problematic, particularly when clinicians rely only on clinical criteria. Neonatal seizures can permanently disrupt neuronal development, induce synaptic reorganization, alter plasticity, and "prime" the brain to increased damage from seizures later in life. Since neonatal seizures predict an increased risk for later epilepsy and other neurological sequelae, accurate diagnoses are needed for aggressive antiepileptic drug use. The present review summarizes the treatment and prognosis of neonatal seizures.


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